2017年12月英语四级美文：The Importance of Developing Attitudes
更新时间: 2020-02-13 15:21
The Importance of Developing Attitudes
Of all the areas of learning the most important
is the development of attitudes.
Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes
affect the behavior of most people.
“The burnt child fears the fire” is one instance;
another is the rise of figures like Hitler.
Both these examples also point up the fact
that attitudes come from experience.
In the one case the experience is direct and impressive,
in the other it is indirect and gradual.
The class room teacher in the elementary school
is in strategic position to influence attitudes.
This is true partly because children acquire attitudes
from those adults whose words they respect.
Another reason why it is true
is that pupils often search somewhat deeply into a subject in school
that has only been touched upon at home
or has possibly never occurred to them before.
To a child who had previously acquired little knowledge of Mexico,
his teacher’s method of handling
such a unit would greatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.
The teacher can develop proper attitudes
through social studies, science matters,
the very atmosphere of the classroom, etc.
However, when children come to school with undesirable attitudes,
it is unwise to attempt to change their feelings
by criticizing them.
The teacher can achieve the proper effect
by helping them obtain constructive experience.
To illustrate, first-grade pupils,
afraid of policemen will probably change their attitudes
after a classroom talk with the neighborhood officer
in which he explains how he protects them.
In the same way, a class of older children
can develop attitudes through discussion,
research and all-day trips.
Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate his own attitudes,
because his influence can be harmful
if he has personal prejudices.
This is especially true
in respect to controversial issues and questions
of which children should be encouraged to reach their own conclusion
as result of objective analysis of all the facts.
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