小学英语语法知识点:不定式作宾语

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更新时间: 2020-02-11 12:48

小学英语语法知识点:不定式作宾语

  1) 动词+ 不定式

  afford、aim、appear、agree、arrange、ask、be、decide、bother、care、choose、come、dare、demand、desire、deter  mine、expect、elect、endeavor、hope、fail、happen、help、hesitate、learn、long、mean、manage、offer、ought、plan、prepare、pretend、promise、refuse、seem、tend  wait、wish、undertake

  举例:

  The driver failed to see the other car in time.

  司机没能及时看见另一辆车。

  I happen to know the answer to your question.

  我碰巧知道你那道问题的答案。

  2)动词+不定式 ; 动词+宾语+不定式

  ask, beg, choose, expect , hate, help intend like, love, need prefer, prepare, promise, want, wish…

  I like to keep everything tidy.

  我喜欢每件东西都保持整洁。

  I like you to keep everything tidy.

  我喜欢你年使每件东西都保持整洁。

  I want to speak to Tom.

  我想和汤姆谈话。

  I want you to speak to Tom.

  我想让你和汤姆谈话。

  3) 动词+疑问词+ to

  decide, know, consider forget, learn, remember, show, understand, see, wonder, hear, find out, explain, tell

  Please show us how to do that.

  请演示给我们如何去做。

  There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can‘t make up my mind which to buy.

  有这么多的录音机,我都拿不定主意买哪一种。

  注意:疑问词带不定式在句中作成分时,谓语动词用单数。

  The question is how to put it into practice.

  问题是怎样把它付诸实施。